The goal of organizing the international course on “Mysticism and Sufism in Islam and Iran” is to provide a general introduction of Islamic Mysticism and Sufism and its different perspectives in Iran and will cover a range of topics.
Mysticism refers to a spiritual cognizance and as one of the Islamic sciences, includes a particular type of knowledge of existence; an intuitional and direct knowledge to the Creator and Creation. With its various branches like theoretical, practical, literary, this science strives to provide a deep understanding of Islamic doctrine and to model levels for attaining reality.
Some important figures of this science are: Junayd, Shibli, Ibn Arabi, Zul-Nun Misri, Qunawi, Ruzbihan Baqli, Haydar Amoli, etc.
One of the characteristics of this science is its social and cultural emergence which has manifested itself in the form of Sufism and has been one of the most influential factors in the formation of Islamic Iranian culture and civilization. Sufi orders are numerous, as are their rites and customs; however, the goal common to all of them is the establishment of a dynamic and direct connection with existence and at the peak of all realities, with God.
Throughout history, Iran has always been a center of spirituality and mysticism. After the advent of Islam in Iran, this land became the cradle of growth of Islamic Mysticism and Sufism. Many of the Sufi leaders like Hallaj, Bayazid, Kharqani, Ghazali, Attar, Shams Tabrizi and Rumi have been associated with this culture. It has been more than a thousand years that this connected chain of mystics and Sufis continues in this land and this heritage has transferred from generation to generation. One of the other important phenomenon in Iranian Mysticism is the connection between Shi‘aism and Sufism which has a long history.
Today Mysticism and Sufism manifests in different forms in Iran and includes a whole range of forms.
The goal of organizing the international course on “Mysticism and Sufism in Islam and Iran” is to provide a general introduction of Islamic Mysticism and Sufism and its different perspectives in Iran and will be presented in the following themes:
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The University of Religions & Denominations, the first of its kind in Iran, is an offshoot of the Islamic Seminary established to train experts and conduct research in these very fields. While striving to introduce Islam in the light of the teachings of the Holy Prophet’s Household ... more